Gullfoss (English: Golden Falls) is a waterfall located in the canyon of Hvítá river in southwest Iceland.
Gullfoss is fed by river Hvítá (the white river). Gullfoss has two separate waterfalls connected together, the upper part has a drop of 11 meters and the lower one 21 meters.
The crevice of the waterfall is 20 m (60 ft) wide and 2.5 km in length. Gullfoss takes its strength from the huge amount of water running through it, an average of 140 cubic meters per second during the summer when snow and ice from the highland is defrosting and about 80 cubic meters per second during wintertime. The highest flood of water on record is 1900 cubic meters per second. Many plans for hydroelectric developments on the river Hvítá have been proposed. It was estimated that an hydroelectric plant will produce 2444 gigawatt hours of electricity every year which will double Iceland’s electricity production! If plan was executed Gullfoss would have lost approximately three-quarters of the normal summer flow. Plans to produce electricity from the waterfall were abandoned and the site was recognized as a national treasure.
There is a trail around the waterfall which gives wonderful angles of the crevice. You might get little bet wet from the spray of the water, it is advised to bring a waterproof coat. While walking the trial a whole view of the crevice will appear to you, it´s a short walk that definitely worth the effort.
Next to the parking lot there is a small coffee house.